Vitamin B12 – 1mgx10ml
Vitamin B12 is an essential B vitamin needed for improved brain function, better nerve tissue health, and increased production of red blood cells. Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin found in certain foods like meat, eggs, dairy products, and nutritional yeast products. To ensure that the body has more than enough supply of this essential vitamin, Vitamin B12 supplements may be taken.
Collectively, Vitamin B12 compounds are called cobalamins. Two of the most common forms of Vitamin B12 that are essential in human metabolism are methylcobalamin and 5-deoxyadenosylcobalamin. On its own, the body can’t produce Vitamin B12. That is why it is important for one to obtain this vitamin through the food eaten or by taking supplements.
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Vitamin B12 Benefits
Vitamin B12 is needed by the body to synthesize the red blood cells. It also boosts the functions of the brain. Deficiency of Vitamin B12 can lead to anemia and other neurological difficulties. This vitamin is readily available in meat. However, vegans may only obtain Vitamin B12 through supplements.
Vitamin B12 also regulates the DNA and assures the normal function of the nervous system. It also boosts the body’s metabolism as it plays a crucial role in burning fatty acids and producing energy. It assists in releasing energy by absorbing folic acid.
People who are deficient in Vitamin B12 tend to be sleepy, sluggish, and weak. They are also keen about feeling strange sensations like numbness, electricity, and the famed “pins-and-needles” sensation due to nerve damage. Anxiety, paleness, dementia, and dizziness are common as well.
How Vitamin B12 Works
Vitamin B12 is required for red blood cells to properly form. It is also essential in the body’s neurological functions and DNA synthesis. This vitamin functions as a co-factor for L-methylmalonyl-CoA mutase and methionine synthase. Methionine synthase initializes the conversion of homocysteine to methionine. Methionine is needed to form S-adenosylmethionine, which is a universal methyl donor for almost a hundred substrates.
These substrates are DNA, RNA, proteins, lipids and hormones. On the other hand, L-methylmalonyl-CoA mutase transforms L-methylmalonyl-CoA to succinyl-CoA, which is very essential in fat and protein metabolism. Succinyl-CoA is also needed to synthesize hemoglobin.
Deficiency in Vitamin B12 may lead to irreversible and possibly severe brain and nervous system damage. If the body’s Vitamin B12 level goes slightly lower than normal, deficiency symptoms such as confusion, memory problems, depression, and fatigue arise. The other symptoms associated with Vitamin B12 deficiency are weight loss, loss of appetite, and constipation. Essentially, a Vitamin B12 deficiency makes the body more susceptible to infections.
Vitamin B12 requirements vary greatly depending on the person’s age. Adults need 2.4 micrograms of Vitamin B12 per day, even more if they are pregnant or breastfeeding. There are minimal side effects to excessively taking Vitamin B12 as it is not believed to be toxic in high doses. However, rosacea and acne have been previously reported.
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